CDE Policy Briefs provide useful research insights on important development issues. The series offers accessible, timely and policy relevant information on topics such as global change, innovations, sustainable development, natural resources, ecosystem services, governance, livelihoods, and disparities.
Conservation vs local livelihoods in Madagascar?
Northeast Madagascar’s tropical rainforests are recognized as one of the world’s most important biodiversity hotspots. But protected areas threaten the needs of local subsistence farmers who live off the land and depend on forests for various ecosystem services. While no simple solution exists, several policies show promise.
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Enough is good enough: Sufficiency to curb resource overconsumption
Despite widespread implementation of various measures to increase efficiency, global consumption of resources continues to rise. This policy brief considers how practising a sufficient lifestyle may help to decrease resource consumption and enable a good life.
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Shifting water demands onto the vulnerable? Water impacts of agricultural trade and investment
Worldwide, people’s water uses contribute to an increasingly complex web of “virtual” water flows implied in agricultural production, trade, and investment. This policy brief examines key issues, with a particular focus on the water risks of market-driven agricultural investment in developing countries.
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Good intentions, big footprints: Facing household energy use in rich countries
Emission of CO2 by burning fossil fuels is altering our climate. The risks of maintaining this carbon-burning trajectory make it imperative to change course. This means drastically reducing our dependence on fossil fuel-based energy as quickly as possible. Households account for a large share of CO2 emissions. But which households consume the most energy and how could their carbon footprints be reduced?
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Download CDE Policy Brief (PDF, 432KB)
Download CDE Policy Brief (in German) (PDF, 440KB)
Commercial Horticulture in Kenya: Adapting to Water Scarcity
Commercial horticulture is Kenya’s second largest foreign exchange earner, exporting flowers and vegetables to Europe in particular. The economic benefits must be weighed carefully against social and environmental risks, including competition over precious water.
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Download CDE Policy Brief (PDF, 557KB)
Sustainable livestock production? Industrial agriculture versus pastoralism
People who herd animals or combine livestock keeping and cropping at a smaller scale – called pastoralists or agro-pastoralists – can sustainably produce animal products while providing vital ecosystem services.
Download CDE Policy Brief (PDF, 401KB)