CDE research: Lessons from Bolivia Conducted within the FATE project (www.fate.unibe.ch), CDE studies on farmer cooperatives for quinoa, in Bolivia, and for coffee, in Laos, highlight several of the strengths of this production model for smallholders in distinct settings. In Bolivia’s southern Altiplano, research by Tschopp et al. (2018) showed how cooperative rules and traditional authorities’ rules worked complementarily to limit local ecological harms, such as unchecked land conversion, during the post-2010 period of booming global demand for quinoa. Later, when global quinoa prices crashed, cooperatives were able to maintain members’ livelihoods by diversifying and increasing their role in value chains. The cooperative SOPROQUI, for example, invested some of its boom-era earnings in equipment to make bread and pastries from quinoa flour, successfully marketing it to local school breakfast programmes, while the “mother” cooperative ANAPQUI began making and selling quinoa-based pasta.