UN Biodiversity Conference The Convention on Biological Diversity, also known as the Biodiversity Convention, is the most important international agreement regarding protection of biodiversity. In 2010, the 10th Conference of the Parties adopted the Aichi Targets. These should have been achieved by 2020 – but were clearly missed. A successor agreement to the Aichi Agreement was to be adopted at the 15th Conference of the Parties (COP15), originally planned for October 2020 in Kunming, China. However, the conference was postponed to October 2021 due to the Covid-19 pandemic. Initial negotiations were then held via videoconference, resulting in a somewhat vague declaration in which protection of 30 per cent of Earth’s surface plays a central role. Continued negotiations are scheduled for March 2022 in Geneva. The successor agreement to the Aichi Targets is planned to be adopted in a face-to-face meeting in April/May 2022.